Those originating within the continent are generally termed traditional, although it would be wrong to think of traditional beliefs and practices as static or unchanging. Cultural borrowing from parts of the Middle East and Europe began in North Africa well before the beginning of the Common Era, twenty centuries ago. Because of the absence of written records outside the Nile Valley, little is known about the early history of traditional cultures in Africa other than that they had millennia to develop and spread. Detailed descriptions of some African societies south of the Sahara occur in Islamic accounts from the later Middle Ages and from the s in European accounts of the Atlantic coasts.
It is the parenthesis that fills verses It comes in the middle of the table of nations and, in a sense, interrupts it. These verses deal, not with the general movements of peoples and nations, but with one particular descendant of Cush, Nimrod, who is said to have been the founder of the first world empire.
Here is the first place in the Bible where the word "kingdom" occurs. This matter was obviously of great importance to Moses, for a related parenthesis occurs in the first nine verses of chapter 11, in the story of the tower of Babel. What is so significant about Nimrod? The fact that he established cities and built a kingdom is important, of course.
But there is much more that can be said. Nimrod was the first person to become a "mighty" man. Our text calls attention to this by using the adjective "mighty" three times in describing him: The adjective also occurs in a similar way in 1 Chronicles 1: Why is this emphasized? Is it good or bad?
A little thought will show that it is bad. The empire of Babylon under Nimrod was an affront both to God and man, an affront to God in that it sought to do without God Gen.
Martin Luther was on the right track when he suggested that this is the way the word "hunter" should be interpreted. He was not a hunter of animals.
He was a hunter of men--a warrior. It was through his ability to fight and kill and rule ruthlessly that his kingdom of Euphrates valley city states was consolidated. One commentator renders this paragraph: He was an arrogant tyrant, defiant before the face of the Lord; wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod, the mighty despot, haughty before the face of the Lord.
These make up one great City. Barnhouse, The Invisible War Here we have a great city. The later Babylon of Nebuchadnezzar is the clearest biblical illustration of these elements. It is about Nebuchadnezzar, who embodies the secular city, and God, who operates through Daniel and his friends.
The key to the Book of Daniel is in the opening verses which say that after Nebuchadnezzar had besieged and conquered Jerusalem though it was "the Lord [who] gave Jehoaikim. And so it seemed! God had certainly permitted Nebuchadnezzar to triumph over his own people in punishment for their sins.
One evening Nebuchadnezzar had a dream that involved a great image.
It was of gold, silver, brass, and iron. The head was of gold.
It was only at the end of this period that the eternal kingdom of God in Christ would come and overthrow all others, grow and fill the earth. In this vision God was telling Nebuchadnezzar that he was not as important as he thought he was and that it was God Himself who rules history.
In the next chapter Nebuchadnezzar sets up a gold statue on the plain of Dura. On the surface this seems to be only the foolish gesture of a vain monarch who insists that the statue be worshiped as a symbol of the unity of the empire. God had said, "Your kingdom will be succeeded by other kingdoms, kingdoms of silver, brass and iron.
It will all be of gold, for it will represent me and my descendants forever. It also explains the violent reaction of the secular mind to Christian claims today. It is not just a question of the Christian God versus other gods, each one presumably thinking that his or her god is the true one.
It is the rebellion of man against God, period. God is He to whom we are responsible. But fallen men and women do not want to be responsible to anyone. They want to rule themselves. They want to exclude God from His own universe.HOTLINKS: MISCELLANEOUS SCIENCE FICTION/FANTASY/HORROR FILMS My Competitors: other websites of film lists X-Rated Sci-Fi/Fantasy Videos Sci-Fi Attacks on Los Angeles See also TIME TRAVEL: MOVIES AND TV-MOVIES ABOUT TIME TRAVEL OR TIME-LOOPS, below.
African Christian Scholars and the Study of African Traditional Religions: A Re-evaluation. Author links open overlay panel Ezra Chitando. Show more. A Discussion of the Relationship Between Theology and the Science of Religion Patterns of Thought in Africa and the West: Essays on Magic, Religion and Science.
A pioneering work on religion from antiquity through the colonial period, this scholarly collection is primarily concerned with traditional religions in eastern Africa.
|Simon, The Bokono & Me||It has seemed to me worth while to show from the history of civilization just what war has done and has not done for the welfare of mankind. In the eighteenth century it was assumed that the primitive state of mankind was one of Arcadian peace, joy, and contentment.|
|What is it about?||The first of his masterpieces. Ballentine, ; revised first hardcover edition, New York:|
Ray, Benjamin C. African Religions: Symbol, Ritual, and Community. This is the complete text of "What is African Traditional Religion?", an essay by Joseph Omosade Awolalu, which appeared in the the journal "Studies in Comparative Religion", Winter (Vol.
9, No. 1). caninariojana.com is the place to go to get the answers you need and to ask the questions you want. From chemistry to computer programming, arts to World War II, caninariojana.com provides guides, tips, and resources to help you understand more about the world around us.