Proslogion Theologian and philosopher Anselm of Canterbury — proposed an ontological argument in the second and third chapters of his Proslogion. For God is that than which a greater cannot be thought.
However, since the mids, there has been a resurgence of interest in these arguments. Each of these kinds of arguments has found supporters, although few regard these as the strongest arguments that can be given for the existence of God.
Discussion of teleological arguments has, in recent times, been partly driven by the emergence of the intelligent design movement in the United States.
On the other hand, there has also been the development of fine-tuning teleological arguments driven primarily by results from very recent cosmological investigation of our universe. General Overviews There are few works that seek to provide a comprehensive overview of arguments for the existence of God; there are rather more works that seek to give a thorough treatment of arguments for and against the existence of God.
Mackie is the gold standard: Other worthy treatments of a range of arguments for the existence of God—as parts of treatments of ranges of arguments for and against the existence of God—include GaleMartinand Oppy The works mentioned so far are all products of nonbelief; they all provide critical analyses and negative assessments of the arguments for the existence of God that they consider.
Plantinga is an interesting product of belief that also provides critical analyses and negative assessments of the arguments for the existence of God that it considers, although in the service of a wider argument in favor of the rationality of religious belief; first published inthis work was clearly the gold standard for analysis of arguments for the existence of God prior to Mackie Of the general works that provide a more positive assessment of arguments for the existence of God, consideration should certainly be given to Plantinga and, for those interested in a gentle but enthusiastic introduction, Davies An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion.
Oxford University Press, Wide-ranging introduction to philosophy of religion that includes a discussion of ontological arguments, cosmological arguments, teleological arguments, arguments from religious experience, arguments from miracles, and moral arguments.
Good coverage of a range of arguments for the existence of God. On the Nature and Existence of God.
Cambridge University Press, Entertaining and energetic discussion of ontological arguments, cosmological arguments, arguments from religious experience, and pragmatic arguments e.
The Miracle of Theism: Arguments For and Against the Existence of God. Benchmark text for critical discussion of arguments for the existence of God. Temple University Press, Comprehensive cumulative case for atheism.
Worthy contribution to the literature on arguments for the existence of God. Discussion of ontological arguments that supplements Ontological Arguments and Belief in God Oppycited under Ontological Arguments.
Also includes some discussion of methodology: God and Other Minds: Cornell University Press, Instrumental in setting new standards of rigor and precision for the analysis of arguments for the existence of God.
First published in Two Dozen or so Theistic Arguments. Edited by Deane-Peter Baker, —Anselm now proceeds to deduce God's nature from the same basic definition of him as something greater than which cannot be thought.. He arrives as all the standard attributes: creative, rational, omnipotent, merciful, unchangeable, just, eternal, etc.
Anselm's ontological argument purports to be an a priori proof of God's existence. Anselm starts with premises that do not depend on experience for their justification and then proceeds by purely logical means to the conclusion that God exists. His aim is to refute the fool who says in his heart.
Instead, I proffer three exegetical discussions bearing on Anselm’s Proslogion chap. 2 proof for God’s existence and the larger “single argument”. The first examines what Anselm means by the “single argument,” showing that it includes significantly more of the Proslogion 3 This is not a radically new position in Anselm scholarship.
The structure of the Ontological Argument can be outlined as follows (The argument is based on Anselm's Proslogion 2): We conceive of God as a being than which no greater can be conceived. This being than which no greater can be conceived either exists in . Written prior to the recent interest in medieval studies, this book still gives a fine introduction to the era, and explains the significance not only of the great Scholastics, but also of lesser known figures like Cassiodorus, Pseudo-Dionysius, John of Salisbury, and Siger of Brabant.
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