The moral issues that emerged with regards to this topic are best understood through the deontological approach. Kant exemplifies this deontological approach when he emphasizes the importance of duty as a basis for the obligation and morality of human beings Kant,
Many of these couples turn to assisted reproductive technology as a potential way to help them have a child. Reproductive technology is the use of medical techniques to enhance fertility and increase the probability of conceiving a child. Although these technologies offer hope, they also are expensive, can cause psychological harm, and are Essay on reproductive technologies not successful.
Feminists in particular are concerned about the social and psychological ramifications of assisted reproductive technology on women, and see their use as a way to reinforce traditional gender roles and expectations and for women to give up their power and control over their own bodies.
More research is needed to better understand the psychosocial effects of assisted reproductive technologies on infertile couples in general and women in particular.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, inapproximately 6 percent of married women between the ages of fifteen and forty-four in the United States are unable to get pregnant after a year of unprotected sex. Previously, this usually meant that the couple would continue to try by natural means to have a child or make the decision to adopt or remain childless.
However, medical science has advanced to the point where a number of technologies are available that can help women conceive. These assisted reproductive technologies comprise the use of medical techniques to enhance fertility and increase the probability of conceiving a child.
The use of assisted reproductive technology becomes increasingly important as greater numbers of women postpone childbearing. Artificial Insemination Two of the most widely known methods of assisted reproductive technology are artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization.
Artificial insemination is a medical or surgical procedure in which a catheter is used to deposit sperm collected from a donor directly into the uterus of the woman trying to become pregnant. As with unassisted reproduction, artificial insemination often needs to be repeated before pregnancy occurs.
The externally fertilized egg does not need to be transplanted immediately, but may also be cryogenically frozen for future use. In vitro fertilization literally means fertilization that takes place "in glass" i. In vitro fertilization is often combined with drug therapy to increase the probability of the woman conceiving.
Zygote intrafallopian transfer is an in vitro fertilization technique in which the egg and sperm are combined in a laboratory and the fertilized eggs i.
Gamete intrafallopian transfer is an alternative to in vitro fertilization. In vitro fertilization can also be used to create a baby that is gestated by a surrogate mother.
This is a woman who fulfills the basic functions of a biological mother in gestating and bearing a child, but not the social role of mother in rearing the child after birth. In particular, a surrogate mother is a woman who gestates an artificially inseminated egg and gives birth to a baby for another.
In vitro fertilization In vitro fertilization increases the probability of multiple births. In the twin birth rate was 8. Although some couples readily embrace the idea of multiple births, not all do and not all are financially able to support and raise the potentially large multiples of children that can result from in vitro fertilization.
Despite the old adage that two can live as cheaply as one, multiple babies require similar multiples for food, clothing, health care, education, and other needs.
In addition, in vitro fertilization itself is a costly and time consuming process.Artificial Reproductive Technologies Introduction Today about 15% of all couples in the United States have fertility problems.
40% of the problems attributed with the man and 50% with the woman and the other 10% is unexplained or due to both partners.
Reproductive Technologies It is impossible to judge any person who makes a decision regarding the life or death of another. It is however necessary to analyze the morality or ethicality of a persons actions when placed in a difficult situation. Reproductive technologies are a term referring to methods used to achieve pregnancy by artificial or partially artificial means.
They help improve a couple’s chance of conceiving and carrying a child to term.
More Essay Examples on Technology Rubric. This raises issues in research into further reproductive technology as well as other ethical issues.
IVF is the process where a female’s gamete is fertilised by a male’s gamete outside of the body.
Read this Technology Essay and over 88, other research documents. Reproductive Technologies. Throughout the past several years, the gap between technological change and policy development has continued to grow at a rapid.
Reproductive Technologies and Ethics Essay. Reproductive Technologies and Ethics Almost every individual needs to make decisions in his or her everyday life - Reproductive Technologies and Ethics Essay introduction.
This decisions can be as simple as choosing what he or she will wear for the day; however, there are also times when he or she has to make important choices that affects other people.