Prohibition of torture and exclusion of

Conscious of its spiritual and moral heritage, the Union is founded on the indivisible, universal values of human dignity, freedom, equality and solidarity; it is based on the principles of democracy and the rule of law. It places the individual at the heart of its activities, by establishing the citizenship of the Union and by creating an area of freedom, security and justice. The Union contributes to the preservation and to the development of these common values while respecting the diversity of the cultures and traditions of the peoples of Europe as well as the national identities of the Member States and the organisation of their public authorities at national, regional and local levels; it seeks to promote balanced and sustainable development and ensures free movement of persons, services, goods and capital, and the freedom of establishment. To this end, it is necessary to strengthen the protection of fundamental rights in the light of changes in society, social progress and scientific and technological developments by making those rights more visible in a Charter.

Prohibition of torture and exclusion of

Inadmissible aliens a Classes of aliens ineligible for visas or admissionExcept as otherwise provided in this chapter, aliens who are inadmissible under the following paragraphs are ineligible to receive visas and ineligible to be admitted to the United States: B Waiver authorized For provision authorizing waiver of certain clauses of subparagraph Asee subsection g.

B Multiple criminal convictions Any alien convicted of 2 or more offenses other than purely political offensesregardless of whether the conviction was in a single trial or whether the offenses arose from a single scheme of misconduct and regardless of whether the offenses involved moral turpitude, for which the aggregate sentences to confinement were 5 years or more is inadmissible.

C Controlled substance traffickersAny alien who the consular officer or the Attorney General knows or has reason to believe— i is or has been an illicit trafficker in any controlled substance or in any listed chemical as defined in section of title 21or is or has been a knowing aider, abettor, assister, conspirator, or colluder with others in the illicit trafficking in any such controlled or listed substance or chemical, or endeavored to do so; or ii is the spouse, son, or daughter of an alien inadmissible under clause ihas, within the previous 5 years, obtained any financial or other benefit from the illicit activity of that alienand knew or reasonably should have known that the financial or other benefit was the product of such illicit activity, is inadmissible.

D Prostitution and commercialized viceAny alien who— i is coming to the United States solely, principally, or incidentally to engage in prostitution, or has engaged in prostitution within 10 years of the date of application for a visa, admission, or adjustment of status, ii directly or indirectly procures or attempts to procure, or within 10 years of the date of application for a visa, admission, or adjustment of status procured or attempted to procure or to import, prostitutes or persons for the purpose of prostitution, or receives or within such year period received, in whole or in part, the proceeds of prostitution, or iii is coming to the United States to engage in any other unlawful commercialized vice, whether or not related to prostitution, is inadmissible.

Prohibition of torture and exclusion of

E Certain aliens involved in serious criminal activity who have asserted immunity from prosecutionAny alien — i who has committed in the United States at any time a serious criminal offense as defined in section h of this titleii for whom immunity from criminal jurisdiction was exercised with respect to that offense, iii who as a consequence of the offense and exercise of immunity has departed from the United Statesand iv who has not subsequently submitted fully to the jurisdiction of the court in the United States having jurisdiction with respect to that offense, is inadmissible.

For provision authorizing waiver of certain subparagraphs of this paragraph, see subsection h. G Foreign government officials who have committed particularly severe violations of religious freedom Any alien who, while serving as a foreign government official, was responsible for or directly carried out, at any time, particularly severe violations of religious freedom, as defined in section of title 22is inadmissible.

H Significant traffickers in persons i In general Any alien who commits or conspires to commit human trafficking offenses in the United States or outside the United Statesor who the consular officerthe Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of State, or the Attorney General knows or has reason to believe is or has been a knowing aider, abettor, assister, conspirator, or colluder with such a trafficker in severe forms of trafficking in persons, as defined in the section of title 22is inadmissible.

I Money launderingAny alien — i who a consular officer or the Attorney General knows, or has reason to believe, has engaged, is engaging, or seeks to enter the United States to engage, in an offense which is described in section or of title 18 relating to laundering of monetary instruments ; or ii who a consular officer or the Attorney General knows is, or has been, a knowing aider, abettor, assister, conspirator, or colluder with others in an offense which is described in such section; is inadmissible.

An alien who is an officer, official, representative, or spokesman of the Palestine Liberation Organization is considered, for purposes of this chapter, to be engaged in a terrorist activity. I The highjacking or sabotage of any conveyance including an aircraft, vessel, or vehicle.

II The seizing or detaining, and threatening to kill, injure, or continue to detain, another individual in order to compel a third person including a governmental organization to do or abstain from doing any act as an explicit or implicit condition for the release of the individual seized or detained.

Prohibition of torture and exclusion of

III A violent attack upon an internationally protected person as defined in section b 4 of title 18 or upon the liberty of such a person. IV V The use of any— a biological agent, chemical agent, or nuclear weapon or device, or b explosive, firearm, or other weapon or dangerous device other than for mere personal monetary gainwith intent to endanger, directly or indirectly, the safety of one or more individuals or to cause substantial damage to property.

VI A threat, attempt, or conspiracy to do any of the foregoing.SCOPE OF THIS CHAPTER. This document provides the legal framework for safeguarding children in individual cases.

Where specific cases are being considered that raise areas of difficulty, advice should be sought from the each agency’s relevant legal advisers. Taiwan's death penalty laws and how they are applied, including death row and execution numbers, death-eligible crimes, methods of execution, appeals and clemency, availability of lawyers, prison conditions, ratification of international instruments, and .

The House of Commons and House of Lords Libraries publish legislative briefings on Government bills and some private Members bills before second reading and report stage. "They Want a Confession” Torture and Ill-Treatment in Ethiopia’s Maekelawi Police Station Summary.

SCOPE OF THIS CHAPTER. This document provides the legal framework for safeguarding children in individual cases.

Key international and regional laws, instruments and agreements

Where specific cases are being considered that raise areas of difficulty, advice should be sought from . Article 4. Prohibition of torture and inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

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