Get The Discount Getting started with your own abstract example Now that we know that all good examples of abstracts are, in fact, a precise but brief summary of your whole paper, it becomes pretty obvious that you cannot start working on an abstract until the paper is written - not unless you have a very detailed outline you plan to stick to in your work. Here are some other formatting tips for all abstract examples that may prove handy in the process:
The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology publishes original papers in all areas of personality and social psychology. It emphasizes empirical reports but may include specialized theoretical, methodological, and review papers.
Copyright American Psychological Association How prior information and police experience impact decisions to shoot. Social psychologists have relied on computerized shooting tasks to test whether race influences decisions to shoot.
These studies reveal that under some conditions untrained individuals shoot unarmed Black men more than unarmed White men. We modeled the decision to shoot as a sequential sampling process in which people start out with prior biases and accumulate evidence over time until a threshold is reached, prompting a decision.
We used this approach to test how prior information a proxy for police dispatch information and police experience influence racial bias in shooting decisions. When no prior information was given, target race biased the rate at which untrained civilians accumulated evidence, leading to a greater rate of shooting Black targets.
For sworn police officers, the race of the target impacted prior bias, but not evidence accumulation. Moreover, officers showed no race bias in the observed decision to shoot.
These studies reveal that factors present in real-world shooting decisions dispatch information and police experience can moderate the role that race plays both in the underlying cognitive processes and ultimately on the observed decision. We discuss the benefits of using a dynamic cognitive model to understand the decision to shoot and the implications of these results for laboratory analogues of real-world decisions.
The preference to invest resources in goals over means. Goal systems are hierarchical, often requiring people to invest resources vertically—both in lower-order means and higher-order goals. For example, a college student who wants to take a particular class a goal might first have to take a prerequisite the means.
We investigated how the hierarchical configuration of goals and means affects preferences for vertical resource allocation. Specifically, we found that within goal—means dyads, people preferred to shift resources toward goals i.
The preference to shift resources toward goals was moderated by the presence of a goal—means hierarchy within the dyad Study 3 and mediated by the perception that investing resources in the goal was a more direct investment in goal attainment Study 4.
Moreover, people chose to reduce costs associated with means versus goals; Study 5 and were happier when costs associated with means versus goals were eliminated Study 6. These studies demonstrate that the aversion to investing resources in means can result in non-normative decision making in the course of goal pursuit.
Conventional wisdom holds that leaders should behave in a supportive and positive manner. This research investigates the intriguing possibility that although we may want our leaders to be cheerleaders, we instead empower naysayers. Integrating theoretical perspectives from psychology, leadership, and organizational theory, I present the Naysaying-Agency-Power-Leadership Efficacy NAPLE model, which captures the causal link between naysaying and power, and examine leadership efficacy as a downstream implication.
Eleven studies provide empirical support for the model. Ten experimental studies demonstrate that naysaying and power are causally linked through the perception of agency.
Results reveal that voters perceived negative and critical presidential candidates as more powerful and, in turn, were more willing to vote for them; this finding was robust to controlling for age, gender, ethnicity, political orientation, and voting history.
By systematically establishing that naysaying induces power at the onset, and why, these findings illuminate an unanticipated, yet formidable, determinant of power.The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
3/17/ Update on short, angulated and diameter-reduced implants. 11th European Consensus Conference (EuCC) | Cologne, Germany | February 6, An abstract is a concise summary of a larger project (a thesis, research report, performance, service project, etc.) that concisely describes the content and scope of the project and identifies the project’s objective, its methodology and its findings, conclusions, or intended results.
THE PROCESS. Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills: concise exposition, succinct analysis, and informed library research.
Comprises ABI/INFORM Global, ABI/INFORM Trade and Industry, and ABI/INFORM Dateline. Features thousands of full-text journals, dissertations, working papers, key business and economics periodicals such as the Economist, country-and industry-focused reports, and downloadable data.
Social Science Abstracts “Subtype of Autism: Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia” Amanda Babin and Morton Gernbascher (Mentor), Psychology. The purpose of this research is to identify a subtype of autism called Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia (DVD). DVD is a motor-speech problem, disabling oral-motor movements needed for speaking.