Survival of the Sickest, chapter 1 and 2 summaries Spoiler alert!
Transformation through Symbolic Modelling. Survival of the Sickest: The surprising connections between disease and longevity by Sharon Moalem . The question Moalem sets out to answer is: Why would genes that make people sick still be in the gene pool after millions of years?
The same genes that can produce illness, even on the scale of millions of people dying, can also save the species from being wiped out. Take the second most common genetic disease among Europeans, cystic fibrosis. Tuberculosis caused twenty percent of all deaths in Europe between and Making anything that helped to protect people from it look pretty attractive.
Survival of the sickest answers, a disorder that causes iron to build up in the body eventually overloads organs like the pancreas and liver.
Never heard of it? And no doubt nor had anyone in when the bubonic plague killed between one-third and one-half of the population of Europe in three years. The plague, like other bacterium, multiplies rapidly in an iron-rich environment.
In a paradoxical twist it turns out that while most cells end up with too much iron, macrophages, a type of white blood cell, end up with less. This makes people with the hemochromatosis mutation especially resistant to the infections like the Black Death.
In an even more controversial theory Moalem suggests diabetes may have helped our European ancestors survive the sudden onset of the last ice age, 13, years ago. Ice cores from Greenland show that the onset happened in just a decade or so.
Sea levels dropped by hundreds of feet as water froze and stayed in the ice caps. Put the pieces together and you have a theory that genetic mutations resulting in diabetes may have helped save the entire North European population from ending up as popsicles.
As fantastic as it sounds, the theory is being taken seriously in some quarters. The Canadian Diabetes Association for one, is funding research into a frog that uses the anti-freezing properties of high blood sugar to survive extreme cold.
Whether all or any of these theories become part of the accepted canon of science and far stranger things have happened the idea that "when there is a sudden change in circumstances — a new infectious disease, and new predator, or a new ice age — natural selection will make a beeline for any trait that improves the chances of survival" p.
Is it not a remarkable fact that some children who suffer the most terrible of traumas survive and thrive? Those events may indelibly mark the person for the rest of their lives, but somehow they got through. How do they do that? In the s David Grove proposed a psychological mechanism by which children and adults protected themselves against extreme events.
Laing, described how he avoided feeling the pain of being beaten by his father by imagining his mind was a tiny point outside his body. This kind if dissociation and fragmentation can result in people living in, what David called, "strangely scaled worlds".May 14, · SURVIVAL OF THE SICKEST Find out why deadly diseases are bred into our genetic code – and learn the answers to such provocative questions as.
Nov 09, · A sociopath is a person who has antisocial personality disorder.
The term sociopath is no longer used to describe this disorder. The sociopath is now described as someone with antisocial personality disorder. The main characteristic of a sociopath is a disregard for .
Is it “Healthcare” or Disease Care?. True “healthcare” would be the care of the very basic unit of life, which as we know is the human cell. This comprehensive care would begin in our very early years, conceivably from conception, involving a system focused on the healthy maintenance of the cells and thus, the non-interference of cellular function, and subsequently unaltered DNA.
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AP Biology Summer Assignment There are no right and wrong answers here just be honest so that I can figure out the best way to help you be successful next year! A word of advice: I am your future teacher (not your FB friend) Survival of the Sickest Author: Sharon Moalem with Jonathan Prince Publisher: Harper Perennial.
Name _____ Evolution Reading Assignment: Survival of the Sickest The following questions should be answered on a separate piece of .